Komodo is a type of lizard that is found on the islands (especially Komodo Island) in central Indonesia, and the Komodo dragon is a member of the Url family, and is the largest species of living lizard, and because of its size and because there are no other carnivorous predators, the Komodo dragon is considered one of the The leading predator that controls the ecosystem in which it lives.

The giant Komodo dragon is between (2-3) meters long, and weighs about 70 kg, and the Komodo dragon in captivity can weigh more than that, about 166 kg, and the Komodo dragon is considered the heaviest lizard on earth, and it has a long flat head with The snout (front of the mouth) is circular, and is characterized by scaly skin, massive curved legs, and a muscular tail.

The Komodo dragon has 60 teeth that it often replaces. The tooth is about 2.5 cm long. Its saliva is often mixed with blood, because its teeth are almost completely covered with gum tissue that ruptures naturally during feeding. The giant Komodo dragon also has a long, yellow, branched tongue. The dragon uses its tongue to detect taste and smell, as is the case in many other reptiles, and it can detect carrion from a distance of (4-9.5) kilometers.

The Komodo dragon has clear ears, although the dragon’s sense of hearing is very weak, but he is able to see from a distance of up to 300 meters, and although the Komodo dragon has poor night vision, he is able to see colors, and the sense of smell in the Komodo dragon Not strong, and it has a few taste buds at the back of the throat, and the scales of the Komodo dragon are reinforced with bones with metal plates connected to nerves that facilitate its sense of touch.

The Komodo dragon prefers hot and dry places and usually lives in dry open meadows, savannas, jungles, and tropical forests at low altitudes. The Komodo dragon digs holes, which can reach dimensions of (1-3) meters in width using its front feet and strong claws.

The giant Komodo dragon is a carnivorous animal and feeds mainly on carrion (carcasses of dead animals), as it hunts and ambushes its prey, which includes invertebrates, mammals and birds, and the Komodo dragon can catch its prey that is out of reach, and the Komodo dragon is able to stand on its hind legs And using its tail as a support, it is also known for using its tail to bring down large deer and pigs.

The Komodo dragon eats by tearing large pieces of meat and swallowing it whole while holding the victim’s body with its front legs, and due to the slow metabolism of the Komodo dragon, the large dragon can survive eating at least 12 meals a year, and because the Komodo dragon does not have The diaphragm, it cannot absorb water when drinking, and it cannot lick water with its tongue.

Instead, they drink by filling their mouth with water, raising their head, and allowing the water to pass down their throats. A Komodo dragon can eat 80% of its body weight in a single meal.

The giant Komodo dragon is mostly active during the day but shows some nocturnal behavior, and it is one of the animals that lives alone, but members of the Komodo dragon can meet during mating and eating, and the giant Komodo dragon is very fast creatures and can run at speeds of up to 20 kilometers per hour (12.4 miles per hour), baby Komodo dragons can easily climb trees with the use of their powerful claws.

Due to the giant Komodo dragon’s size, it is able to maintain body heat by sleeping in burrows, which reduces the need to lie down in order to sunbathe in the morning. The dragon usually hunts in the afternoon and stays in shaded areas during the hot times of the day.

Although the Komodo dragon is not poisonous, the bite of the Komodo dragon is very dangerous as it is capable of causing significant damage with dangerous bacteria, and if the victim is lucky enough to escape being eaten, they are likely to eventually die from the bacteria The Komodo dragon will keep escaping until it dies (usually within a week), and then eats it.
The giant komodo dragon’s breeding season takes place between May and August, and the female komodo dragon lays about 20 eggs in September which she lays in the abandoned nests of the roosters (the stilts are medium-sized stocky chicken-like birds with small heads and large feet), and the incubation period of the eggs reaches For a period ranging between (7-8) months.

The eggs hatch in April of the following year when insects are plentiful, and the young Komodo dragons live in the trees for their safety because they are very vulnerable to predators, and the adult Komodo dragon is a cannibal.
Komodo dragons reach sexual maturity after 3-5 years, and giant Komodo dragons are able to reproduce Azaria, a form of reproduction in which an unfertilized egg develops into a new individual, and this usually occurs between insects and some other arthropods, and young Komodo dragons eat Insects, eggs, geckos, small mammals, the Komodo dragon may be monogamous, and the pair form bonds, and the giant Komodo dragon has a lifespan of more than 30 years.
The giant Komodo dragon is classified as in danger of extinction by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, and the Komodo dragon is protected under Indonesian law, and the greatest threat to the survival of the Komodo dragon is human encroachment, environmental destruction, and poaching. 5000) of the Komodo dragon lives in the wild, and the Komodo dragon has been known to kill humans, although attacks are very rare.